Saturday, 25 July 2009

20: Comerford, Marquis d’Anglure



Patrick Comerford

The Comerford family of Ireland has been associated with the village of Anglure in France since the early 18th century, when Joseph Comerford of Clonmel, Co Tipperary, bought the village and château of Anglure, and with them acquired the title of Marquis d’Anglure. [1]

This Joseph Comerford also fancifully claimed descent from the Comerfords of Danganmore and registered a problematic pedigree with the Ulster Office in 1724. The title of Marquis d’Anglure in France. The title was one acquired by anyone who bought the Anglure estate, who was of noble birth, and who had the permission of the King of France to use the title.

Joseph Comerford’s French title was not one of nobility or a mark of ennoblement, but one acquired by purchase, and his pedigree registered with the Ulster King of Arms can be seen as a necessary part of the process of proving his noble birth in order to use the title of Marquis d’Anglure in France, where he obtained letters of naturalisation and nobility. Without that proof of pedigree, he would have held the less glorious title of Baron d’Anglure, or perhaps, more simply, just that of “seigneur d’Anglure.”

Joseph Comerford tried to bolster his use of the title and his claims to descent from the Comberford family of Comberford, Staffordshire, by erecting a memorial in Saint Catherine’s Chapel or the Comberford Chapel in Saint Editha’s Church, Tamworth, shortly before his death in 1725. He was buried in the chapel at Château d’Anglure under the title of Baron d’Anglure et Dangermore (sic).

20.1: Château d’Anglure ... gave Joseph Comerford an estate and a title

Joseph Comerford designated his brother Luc (Luke) Comerford as his heir, and after that the descendants of his cousin John Comerford of Waterford and Barcelona. On 28 November 1725, Joseph gave “the grounds and seigniories of Mesnil and Granges-sur-Aube” to his nephew, Louis-Luc de Comerford.

Joseph Comerford’s use of the Anglure title might have been inherited by any of his designated heirs male sharing his line of descent, with the younger sons of any Marquis d’Anglure entitled to call themselves count.

Luke Comerford died in 1728, a year before his brother Joseph, and Luke’s eldest son, Captain Louis-Luc Comerford of Sézanne, north of Anglure, became Seigneur d’Anglure as heir to his uncle Joseph. He appears to have sold the Anglure title and estate in the mid-18th century.

According to an advertisement dated 12 June 1752, a quarter of a century after Joseph Comerford’s death, Anglure was associated with the title of a barony from “time out of memory” and with the title of Marquis d’Anglure which was created in 1657. A ruined Louis-Luc de Comerford sold his estates, including Anglure, Mesnil and Granges-sur-Aube, and Belle-Assise, to Jean de Cabanel and retired to Sézanne, north of Anglure, where he lived in extreme poverty.

After the death of Louis-Luc Comerford, his next brother, Captain Pierre-Edouard Comerford, used the title of Baron Dangermore, but he made no pretensions to the Anglure titles. He had an only daughter who married the Count d’Armanville.

In addition, Pierre-Edouard Comerford and Marie-Bernadine Devienne had two illegitimate sons, Jean-Pierre-Edouard Comerford, who was baptised in Saint-Etienne de Lille in 1728, and Edouard-Bernard Comerford, who was baptised in Saint-Etienne de Lille in 1730. However, when he died in 1782, the elder Pierre-Edouard Comerford was without a legitimate male son and heir, and the use of the “Dangermore” title passed to his nephew, Captain Alexandre-Bonaventure Comerford (1729-post 1789).

Alexandre-Bonaventure Comerford was baptised at Saint-Saveur de Lille in 1729. In 1752, he was married at Dunkerque (Dunkirk) to Antoinette Lorgnier, daughter of Antoine Lorgnier, a lawyer, and his wife Dorothée Derycke. They had two sons, Alexandre-Dominique-Joseph Comerford (1754-1755) and Joseph-Alexandre-Antoine Comerford, who was born in 1757.

Alexandre-Bonaventure Comerford was a Knight of Saint Louis, fought at the Battle of Lawfeld, and was present at the assembly of nobles in Douai in 1789. This branch of the Comerford family survived into the early 19th century, but died out in 1813 with the death of Alexander-Bonaventure Comerford’s second son, Captain Joseph-Alexandre-Antoine Comerford (1757-1813). This Joseph Comerford was a French veteran of the American War of Independence, and was twice married but had no children.

The descendants of John Comerford of Waterford and Barcelona appear to have become extinct in the male line, and – although the possibility exists – it is highly unlikely that any other male descendant of the Comerford family is going to come forward to claim the secondary title of “Baron d’Anglure” or the lesser but more accessible designation of “d’Anglure” after the family name. Instead, the appellation “d’Anglure” was revived on 14 June 1863 in favour of Edouard-Antoine-Francois de Braux, who was descended from a junior branch of the family from which Joseph Comerford had acquired his title.

20.2: Château d’Anglure in 1863

But who were the Anglure family? And who were the members of the Braux family, including the first Marquis d’Anglure for whom the title was created in 1657?

ANGLURE IN CHAMPAGNE

20.3: Anglure is on the banks of the River Aube, in the province of Champagne

Anglure is a village and a château located at small islet on a bend on the River Aube, about 30 km from Troyes and within the boundaries of the Départment of Marne in the province of Champagne.

The area around Anglure was occupied since the Gallo-Roman times. The area includes a Gallo-Roman cemetery that was later used by the Mérovingiens.

Before Joseph Comerford acquired the château and title of Anglure in the early 18th century, three families were associated with the manor: d’Anglure, de Braux d’Anglure, and Franc d’Anglure.

THE ANGLURE FAMILY

The coat of arms of the Anglure family show a gold shield decorated with silver hawks’ bells, each hanging over a red crescent. The arms are unusual in heraldry for the use of silver on gold and the combination of hawks’ bells and red crescents do not occur elsewhere in French heraldry. Symbolically, the hawk’s bell is said to be an emblem of pilgrims, while the red crescents represent a legend associated with the family and dating from the Crusades. It is said that an ancestor of the family, Ogier d’Anglure, was taken captive by the Saracens and held to ransom.

The four principal branches of the d’Anglure family were the Comtes d’Estoges, whose line became extinct in 1700; the Barons de Givry, who became extinct in 1595; a branch that held the titles of Prince d’Amblise and Duc d’Abry and became extinct in 1704; and the Sires d’Autricourt, who became extinct in the 17th century.

Ogier d’Anglure was the mediaeval seigneur of the chateau of Anglure and, according to legend, the direct ancestor of the Anglure family. He left France to fight under Philippe Auguste, in the Crusades, but was soon taken prisoner by the Saracens and held to ransom. However, the story goes, Saladin was so impressed by his bravery in battle that he promised him his liberty, with conditions. Ogier (or Jean) was freed to seek the money, and the seigneur d’Anglure arrived home at his manor, bearded, dishevelled and unrecognisable by the trials of battle, captivity and the journey home. But he kept his honour intact, returned with the ransom, and agreed as part of the conditions that he had negotiated with Saladin that his heirs and descendants would bear the name of Saladin in future generations and bear the Muslim crescent on their heraldic devices. The story is said to have provided the inspiration for Voltaire’s play Zaire.

Although genealogists tend to dismiss this romantic story, the name Saladin was handed on throughout the centuries in the Anglure family.

Apart from the château at Anglure, the estates acquired in later generations by various branches of the family included Jours in Burgundy (Bourgone), Bourlemont in Lorraine and Estoges in Champagne.

OGIER de SAINT-CHÉRON, who was living ca 1172-1214, had three brothers, was Seigneur d’Anglure and was a counsellor to Queen Marie of France in 1186. He was the first member of the family to assume the name d’Anglure and it was he who probably built the château at Anglure. He accompanied Henry II of Champagne to the Holy Land in 1190. He married ca. 1189 Villaine, a daughter of Guillaume, the king’s maréchal of Champagne. They had a son and a daughter:

1, Ogier, of whom next.
2, Helvis, who married before 1215 Eblon.

The son:

OGIER II de SAINT-CHÉRON et d’ANGLURE, seigneur de Saint-Chéron et seigneur de Marsagny-au-Mesnil, de Smois et de Donnement. He was in Constantinople in 1204-1205 during the Fourth Crusade. He married before 1211 Beatrice de Vitry (died 27 October 1254), chatelaine de Vìtry and daughter of Henri de Vitry, Comte de Rethel, and Alix de Savigny. Ogier II died in 1238. They had five children:

1, Ogier III d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Guillaume, seigneur de St-Rémy en Bouzemont, who married Agnes ... (as a widow, she married Garin de Nonart).
3, Ansel I, sire de Saint-Chéron et de Somois (ca 1239-1275). He married Nicole ..., and they had a son:
● 1a, Guillame de Saint-Cheron (died 1320), who married Beatrix d’Arzillieres, and had three children:
●● 1b, Jeanne de Saint-Chéron.
●● 2b, Beatrix de Saint-Chéron.
●●3b, Ogier de Saint-Chéron.
4, Geoffroy, living in 1239.
5, Helwide, who married Geoffroy Tesse.

Their eldest son was:

OGIER III d’ANGLURE et de SAINT-CHÉRON, who died ca 1252. During his lifetime, Anglure became the principal estate of the family. He married Heluis or Helen, daughter of Gobert de Montchalon, seigneur de Bounconville. They were the parents of:

1, Ogier IV de Saint-Chéron et d’Anglure, who inherited the Chateau d’Anglure, was living in 1274, and died in 1300. He married Marguerite de Moncler, dame d’Anglure in 1300, daughter of Guy de Clefmont, seigneur de Moncler, and had one son:
● 1a, Ogier V d’Anglure, sire d’Anglure, seigneur de Bettancourt et de Somsois. He was living ca 1302-1312, died without any children.
2, Anseau or Ancel II de Saint-Chéron, who inherited the fief of Saint-Chéron in 1274. He died ca 1304.
3, Jean (‘Saladin’) d’Anglure, of whom next.
4, Beatrix.

The second son:

JEAN ‘SALADIN’ d’ANGLURE, was seigneur de Marchangy et du Mesnil. He died ca 1301. He was the father of:

1, Ogier VI d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Jean ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure, Seigneur de Changy-en-Partois, fought under King Philip in the wars in Flanders (1314), was Bailiff of Troyes (1317) and Governor of Navarre (1337). He married Béatrix de Joinville, daughter of Geoffroi de Joinville, sire de Vaucouleurs.
3, Ancelin d’ Anglure, a priest.
4, Saladin d’Anglure, seigneur de Chainty et de Chantenay, who also fought under King Philip in the wars in Flanders (1314). He married Béatrix de Joinville, daughter of Jean de Joinville, sire de Vaucouleurs, and had:
● 1a, Ogier d’Anglure, d.s.p. 1370.
● 2a, Saladin d’Anglure.
● 3a, Anseau d’Anglure.
● 4a, Jeanne d’Anglure.
5, Guy d’Anglure, seigneur de Samsois. In 1325, he married Blanche de Mongiere. He appears to have had no children, and as a widow she remarried Jean de Favel, alias Grappin.

The eldest son:

OGIER VI de SAINT CHÉRON (ca 1280-1345), was sire d’Anglure, which he inherited after the death of Ogier V d’Anglure in 1312. He was admitted to the league of nobles of Champagne in November 1314, and Anglure was made a barony by Philip of Valois in 1329 in letters patent, which were confirmed by Charles V in 1366 and again by Francis I in 1521. Ogier VI married Béatrix d’Essey-les Nancy, daughter of Arthur de Sorcy, alias de Vandieres, seigneur de Ponthyon en Perthois, and the heiress of numerous estates. They had seven children:

1, Ogier VII d’Anglure (1320-1365 or 1371), of whom next.
2, Guy d’Anglure, capitaine de Provins and Seigneur de Ponthion-en-Partois. He died ca 1383.
3, Robert, seigneur de Guendes et de la Selle, living in 1355.
4, Pierre or Pons, seigneur de Gizaucourt.
5, Etienne, who died in 1348.
6, Beatrix d’Anglure, who married Jean, seigneur de Chenete or Echenay.
7, Ancel, who was knighted in 1364.

The eldest son:

OGIER VII de SAINT-CHÉRON, sire d’Anglure, seigneur d’Esey. Born ca 1320, he served in the army of Philippe, Comte d’Évreux, King of Navarre, 1339-1340. About 1355, Ogier d’Anglure, Robert d’Anglure and Guy d’Anglure, children of Ogier d’Anglure, divided the estates they inherited from their parents. Guy obtained several seigniories, including that of Granges-sur-Aube. Ogier accompanied King John at the Battle of Poitiers, 1356, and was one of the hostages in England for the king’s safe return. Later, he was the king’s lieutenant in Champagne, Bourgone (Burgundy) and Langeudoc. According to some genealogists, he died in 1371, although 1365 is a more probable date.

He married Marguerite de Conflans d’Éstoges, daughter of Eustache III de Conflans, Seigneur d’Éstoges, godson of Henry II of Champagne and Isabelle, Queen of Jerusalem and Cyprus. Ogier inherited Éstoges on the death of his wife’s brothers, along with Thérouanne, with rights of civil and military jurisdiction.

Ogier and Marguerite had a son and three daughters:

1, Ogier VIII d’Anglure.
2, ..., a daughter, who married Jean de Chatillon.
3, Jacqueline, who married Charles de Chatillon, sire de Chatillon-sur-Marne, de Souain et de Jonchery.
4, Marguerite, dame de Nogent, who married Jacques de Chauvirey.

Their son:

OGIER VIII d’ANGLURE, sire d’Anglure from 1365 and of Éstoges. Born ca 1340, he fought at the siege of Ardres under Philippe le Hardi, Duke of Bourgone (Burgundy) in 1377, with the army of John I, Duke of Lorraine, in the invasion of Metz in 1379, and under Charles V in Flanders 1380-1383. He died on 25 October 1383 and is buried in the Jacobin Church in Troyes.

Ogier VIII married Isabeau de Chatillon (1341-1413), daughter of Jean de Chatillon, Master of the Waters and Forests of France, and sister of Charles de Chatillon, who had married Ogeir’s sister. They had three sons:

1, Ogier IX d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Jean ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure, Seigneur d’Éstoges, of whom, after the descendants of his brother Ogier IX.
3, Gaucher d’Anglure, Seigneur de Rocourt.

After the death of Ogier VIII d’Anglure, his widow Isabeau married in 1385 her second husband, Simon de Sarrebruck.

The eldest son of Ogier VII d’Anglure was:

OGIER IX d’ANGLURE, was born ca. 1360, and inherited Thérouanne. Known as “monseigneur d’Anglure,” he was in the royal army that supported the Gantois revolt in 1385.

On 16 July 1385, he began a famous journey to Jerusalem, travelling there though Venice, Corfu, Rhodes and Beirut, where he arrived on 29 September, and arriving in Jerusalem on 4 October 1385. After his visit to the Holy Land, Ogier IX returned home, first travelling through Arabia, visiting Mount Sinai, and travelling on through Egypt, visiting Cairo on 22 November and Alexandria on 21 December, and then moving on through Nicosia in Cyprus, where his stepfather, Simon de Sarrebruck, died of fever on 15 January 1396. Ogier then travelled on to Rhodes (24 January), Venice (9 April), Milan, Savoy, Burgundy and Champagne, arriving back home at his chateau in Anglure on 22 June 1386.

Ogier IX d’Anglure married Alix de Toucy (died in 1427), dame de Basenne, du Val de Loigny et du Mont-St-Jean, and only daughter of Louis de Toucy. They were the parents of:

1, Étienne d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Jean-Saladin d’Anglure, seigneur de Vault-de-Lugny, living ca. 1412-1440, d.s.p.
3, Antoine d’Anglure, living in 1412.
4, Jeanne, living in 1412.
5, Isabelle or Alix, who married Philibert or Jean de Salins-la Tour, seigneur de Rans.
6, Guye, who married Pierre de Dios (Oys), seigneur de Dios et de Gencey.
7, Antoinette d’Anglure, who married Liébaut de Lugny.

The eldest son:

ÉTIENNE d’ANGLURE, Seigneur d’Anglure, Seigneur de Pargny et d’Estrelles, was a counsellor to the King of England in 1412, and died in 1435. He married ca 1420 Jeanne de Choiseul, dame de Monaguillon et de Chacenay, daughter of Amé de Choiseul, sire de Choiseul (she later remarried Jean de Blaisy, seigneur de Villecombe). They were the parents of:
1, Antoine d’Anglure, Baron d’Anglure; in 1450, he married Jeanne de Rochebaron and died in 1462. They were the ancestors of:
●●● Antoine d’Anglure, a Knight of Malta in the 17th century and commander of Nancy.
●●● Marie d’Anglure, Abbess of Paigney.
However, Anglure appears to have passed out of the hands of the family at this time and became the possession of the de Braux family, who later received the title of Marquis d’Anglure (see below).
2, Antoine d’Anglure, Abbé de St-Antoine de Lagni.
3, Guillaume d’Anglure, Baron d’Anglure, sire de Donjeux et de Choiseul, seigneur de Chacenay, of whom next.
4, Claudine, dame de Chacenay, died 1503; she married Galéas de Salazar, seigneur de Las.
5, Guye, who married Claude de Rochebaron.
6, ..., a daughter.

The third son was:

GUILLAUME d’ANGLURE, Baron d’Anglure, sire de Donjeux et de Choiseul, seigneur de Chacenay, who died in 1482. He married Jeanne de Vergy, daughter of Jean Batard de Vergy and Catherine d’Haraucourt (she later remarried Mathieu de Saint-Loup). They were the parents of:

1, Guillaume d’Anglure, who died ca. 1486.
2, Jacques d’Anglure, seigneur de Longeville. On 2 April 1507, Jacques d’Anglure paid homage to King Louis of France for his estates, including Granges-sur-Aube. He married Nicole de Louan. They were the parents of:
● 1a, Jean Saladin d’Anglure, seigneur de Longeville, who married Edmée de Chavanges (who died in 1603), daughter of Jean de Chavanges, seigneur de Chapelaine, and Isabelle de St-Privé (the widowed Edmée later married Philippe de Marconville, seigneur de Mesnil-la-Comtesse), and they had four children:
●● 1b, Etienne d’Anglure (died in 1600), seigneur de Chapelaine, who married Cléophile de Béthune (who later married in 1601 Henri d’Anglure, seigneur de Bonnecourt), and they were the parents of:
●●● 1c, Nicolas Saladin d’Anglure (died in 1659), seigneur de Chapelaine et de Longeville.
●●● 2c, Antoine d’Anglure, a Knight of Malta, living in 1625.
●●● 3c, Hélene, dame de Lusigny, chanoinesse in Remiremont in 1625.
●●● 4c, Charlotte, dame de Chapelaine, who married Thomas Cauchon, seigneur de Neuflise et de Choult.
3, Francois d’Anglure, of whom next.
4, Margeurite, dame de Conantes, who married Guillaume de Chaumont-Quitry, seigneur de Bigny-le-Feron, de Chacenay et d’Equilly in 1501.

The third son:

FRANCOIS d’ANGLURE, seigneur de Bonnecourt and de Guyonville. He married firstly Marie de Choiseul, dame de Rimaucourt, daughter of Gillequin de Rimaucourt, seigneur de Rimaucourt and de Guyonville, and secondly Béatrix Francoise le Boeuf, dame de Guyonville.

Francois and his second wife Béatrix had two children:

1, Gaspard d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Louise (d. 1563), who married Jean de Choiseul, seigneur de Breuvilliers et de Montreuil-le-Sec.

Their only son:

GASPARD d’ANGLURE, seigneur de Melay, Bonnecourt et de Guyonville, was the father of:

1, Henri d’Anglure, seigneur de Bonnecourt. In 1601 he married Cléophile de Béthune, widow of Etienne-Saladin d’Anglure (see above), but they divorced in 1604.
2, Antoine d’Anglure, of whom next.

The second son:

ANTOINE d’ANGLURE, seigneur de Bonnecourt et de Guyonville. In 1534, he married Jeanne de Saulx de Ventoux, daughter of Claude de Ventoux, seigneur de Ventoux et de Chrétienne de Vergy. Apart from an infant child who died young, they had a son:

PHILIPPE d’ANGLURE, seigneur de Bonnecourt et de Guyonville, who was a minor in 1562. He was Bailiff and Governor of Chaumont-en-Bassigny in 1589. He died in 1594. He married firstly Jeanne Foucher, dame de Favérieux (died in 1583, buried in the church at Guyonville), and secondly Jeanne or Anne de Mailly, widow of Claude de Mailly, Comte de Lallemant, seigneur de Selmont, and daughter of Gaspard, Baron d’Ecot.

Philippe and his first wife had three children:

1, Francois d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Catherine, who married Guillaume de Montarby, seigneur de Vouécourt et de Valfroicourt.
3, ... d’Anglure, a son, who was a Knight of Malta in 1641.

The eldest child:

FRANCOIS d’ANGLURE, seigneur de Guyonvelle et de Bonnecourt, was a captain of the cavalry. He died in 1639. He married Louise Melin, daughter of Jean Melin, seigneur de Geronville, councillor of state in Lorraine, and his wife Claude Godet. They were the parents of:

1, Jeanne, who married Nicolas le Besgue, seigneur de la Tour a Nonsart, who died in 1659.
2, Philippe d’Anglure, of whom next.
3, Jean-Francois d’Anglure, who commanded the Regiment de Coislin at the Battle of Rocroy in 1648 and was Maréchal-Général of the French Cavalry. He married Francoise de l’Eglise (who died in 1668), daughter of Charles de l’Eglise, Mayor of Bar-le-Duc, and Marie le Besgue. Their only child died in infancy.
4, Agnes, who in 1660 married Georges d’Huffelize.

Their second child and elder son:

PHILIPPE d’ANGLURE, was a lieutenant-colonel in the Regiment de Salles. He was killed at the siege of Monbéliard in 1588. He married Adrienne des Errard, daughter of Georges II des Errard, seigneur de Fleury-en-Argonne, and his wife Agnes d’Avrillot. They had an only daughter:

1, Louise d’Anglure, dame de Guyonvelle, who married Georges de Stainville, seigneur de Beuray.

We now return to Jean ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure, the next brother of Ogier IX d’Anglure:

JEAN ‘SALADIN’ d’ANGLURE, Seigneur d’Éstoges et de Raucourt. Born ca 1362, he was capitaine de Reims, and died ca. 1405. In 1400, he married Jeanne de Bourlémont, daughter of Henri de Bourlémont, seigneur de Bourlémont (Vosges) and de Donjeux, and his wife Alix (Béatrix) de Joinville. Jean Saladin d’Anglure and his sons inherited his wife’s estates. After his death, she married Pierre de Belloy, who died at Agincourt in 1415.

Jean Saladin d’Anglure and Jeanne were the parents of:

1, Simon ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Marguerite d’Anglure, dame de Cierges et de Conantes, who married Simon de Toulongeon, seigneur de Tresves.

The only son:

SIMON ‘SALADIN’ d’ANGLURE, Seigneur d’Éstoges et de Donjeux, sire de Bourlémont. He was Lord Chamberlain to the Duke of Brittainy. He was born ca 1402, and he died in 1485. In 1433, he married Isabelle ‘Matfride’ du Chatelet, daughter of Regnauld du Chatelet, Baron du Chatelet. They had four sons and three daughters:

1, Jean d’Anglure, Seigneur de Donjeux et Marquis de Coublanc, of whom next.
2, Saladin d’Anglure, Seigneur d’Éstoges (died 1499), of whom after the descendants of his brother Jean.
3, Nicolas ‘Colart’ d’Anglure, Seigneur de Bourlémont, which he inherited through his mother (see below).
4, (Bishop) Renaud ‘Ogier’ d’Anglure (1443-1506), Seigneur de Conantes, Bishop of Marseilles and Abbé de Saint-Victor de la meme ville. He entered the Order of Saint Benedict at the age of 16, became Prior of Sainte-Croix, Prior of Macerat and Abbé of Hautvilliers in the Diocese of Reims. Pope Alexander VI confirmed his appointment as Bishop of Marseilles in 1496, and he was consecrated in Saint Saveur in 1497. He retired from Marseille in 1500 to the Chateau d’Auriol. When he died on 27 April 1506, he was buried in Saint-Victor. His nephew, Hector d’Anglure, was an archdeacon.
5, (Princesse-Abbesse) Jeanne II d’Anglure de Germainvilliers of Remiremont, Dame of Saint Pierre and Metz. She was born in 1474, and died on 9 May 1505. She was Dame de Germainvilliers and Abbess of Remiremont (1474-1502). At the beginning of the 16th century, discipline was lax and the nuns, without the pope’s consent, declared themselves canonesses. They did not take the vows and admitted only novices who could give proof of noble descent.
6, Anne, married Balthazar, seigneur d’Haussonville et de Turqestein, died 1490.
7, Marguerite d’Anglure, married George de Nourroy, seigneur de Port-sur-Seille in Lorraine.

20.4: Princesse-Abbesse Jeanne II d’Anglure de Germainvilliers

The first son of Simon ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure and his wife Isabelle was:

JEAN d’ANGLURE, Seigneur de Donjeux et Marquis de Coublanc. He married Catherine de Ville-sur-Illion, and died ca. 1500. Their descendants were prominent Huguenots. They had five children:

1, Liébaut (or Siebaut) d’Anglure, seigneur de Donjeux, d.s.p. 1503 or 1511.
2, Nicolas d’Anglure, seigneur de Donjeux from 1503, and who died ca 151. He married Jeanne de la Palice, and had one daughter:
● 1a, Francoise, dame de Donjeux (d.s.p. 1577), married (1), Jacques René du Plessis-Chatillon; (2), Aimé de Miremont, seigneur de Bouleuse; (3), Renauld de Bossut, seigneur de Lierval.
3, Arnould d’Anglure, Seigneur de Charmes, ancestor of the seigneurs de Coublans, and of whom next.
4, Simon d’Anglure, Seigneur de Jours-en-Auxois, who died in 1518. In 1480, he married Guillemette d’Arbonnay, daughter of Claude and Demengette de Bussy-le-Repos, and they had four children:
● 1a, Claude d’Anglure (who died in 1570), Baron de Jours in 1518, seigneur de Ricey, et de Chatillon-sur-Seiene. He was twice married. He first married Francoise de Dinteville, daughter of Gaucher, seigneur de Dinteville, and they had one daughter:
●● 1b, Anne d’Anglure (who died in 1565), who married in 1547 Focault de Joyeuse, Comte de Grandpré.
Claude d’Anglure and his second wife, Isabeau de Joyeuse, widow of Robert d’Averhoult and daughter of Robert de Joyeuse, Comte de Grandpré, and of Marguerite de Barbancon, were the parents of six further daughters:
●● 2b, Jeanne (who died in 1580), who married (1) Nicolas de Bossu, Baron de Paroches; (2) Laurent de Corbie (died in 1587).
●● 3b, Germaine, who married Jean d’Angienville, Vicomte de Nanteiul.
●● 4b Péronne, who married in 1571 Francois de Lettes, Baron d’Aubonne.
●● 5b, Marguerite, who married Charles de Héricourt.
●● 6b, Isabelle, Dame de Ricey in 1591.
●● 7b, Anne, who married Nicolas du Bois, Comte de Dampierre, Baron de Bazoches et de Hans (who died on 19 October 1570).
● 2a, Saladin d’Anglure, who married Jeanne d’Autry de Courcelles, and was the ancestor of the seigneurs d’Autricourt. They were the parents of:
●● 1b, Valeran d’Anglure, known as the “captaine d’Autricourt”, he was one of the leading Protestants in the Huguenot wars. He married Guillemette d’Amboise, Dame de Tourteron, and they were the parents of a son and three daughters:
●●● 1c, Josias d’Anglure, Baron d’Autricourt et de Riel-les-Eaux en Bourgogne (died ca 1612). He married in 1591 Philiberte du Chatelet (died ca 1623), daughter of Antoine II du Chatelet, Baron du Chatelet et de Chateauneuf, and they were the parents of:
●●●● 1d, Gaspard d’Anglure (who died ca 1643), who married Catherine de Savigny.
●●●● 2d, Charles d’Anglure (died ca 1643), Abbé de la Chassagne.
●●●● 3d, Antoine d’Anglure.
●●●● 4d, Claude, Dame d’Autricourt (died 24 April 1655), married in 1613 Charles-Emmanuel de Grillet, Comte de Sainte-Triviere.
●●●● 5d, Jacques d’Anglure, a Knight of Malta.
●●●● 6d, Madeleine, chanoinesse de Remiremont.
●●● 2c, Isabelle, married Francois de Fosse, seigneur de la Riorie en Brie.
●●● 3c, Catherine, married Charles de Hericourt, seigneur de Balastre.
●●● 4c, Anne.
This line is thought to have become extinct in the 17th century, although the d’Anglure family of Blésois claim descent from this branch of the family.
●● 2b, Claude (died ca 1574), married Jean de Sémilly, seigneur de Sénailly de Humberville.
● 3a, Catherine, who married Antide de Gramont, seigneur de Villechevreux.
● 4a, Jeanne, Abbesse of St-Pierre de Reims.
5, Eve (died 1512, buried in St-Benimont), who married Jean de Serocourt, seigneur de Belmont-sur-Vair, Bailiff of Bassigny.

The third son of Jean d’Anglure, Marquis de Coubland and his wife Catherine was:

ARNOULD d’ANGLURE, Seigneur de Charmes, who died in 1508. He married Bonne de Saint-Loup et de Coublanc (who died on 10 October 1523), daughter of Ferry de Saint-Loup, sire de Saint-Loup, and they had two sons and a daughter:

1, Jean d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Philippe d’Anglure, a Knight of Saint John in 1525.
3, Jeanne, chanoinesse de Remiremont (ca 1529-1534).

Their eldest son:

JEAN d’ANGLURE, Marquis de Coublanc, sire de Saint-Loup (died in 1574). He married Catherine d’Autry, dame de Villemenant (died ca 1591), daughter of Louis de Villemenant, seigneur de Courcelles, and of Marguerite de Veauce, dame de Villemenant, and they had a son and two daughters:

1, Francois Saladin d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Jeanne, who married Chrétien de Choiseul, Baron de Beaupré.
3, Elisabeth, chanoinesse de Remiremont (1572/1598).

The only son of Jean d’Anglure, Marquis de Coublanc, was:

FRANCOIS SALADIN d’ANGLURE, seigneur and Marquis de Coublanc, Baron de Saint-Loup (died in 1607). He married in 1589 Dame Marguerite du Chatelet-Matfride (died ca 1607), daughter of Antoine II Baron du Chatelet. They had seven children:

1, René Saladin d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Marguerite (1589-1608).
3, Claude (born 1592).
4, Antoine-Saladin d’Anglure, died young in 1615.
5, Henry d’Anglure, died in 1608,
6, Charles d’Anglure, died in 1608.
7, René d’Anglure, died in 1608.

The only surviving son of Francois Saladin d’Anglure was:

RENÉ SALADIN d’ANGLURE, Baron de Saint-Loup, Marquis de Coublanc, seigneur de Piépape (died ca 1661/1663). He married on 5 May 1664 Francoise de Chatelet (who died ca 1664), daughter of Philippe II de Chatelet, seigneur de Bulgnéville. They had a son and a daughter:

1, Arnould Saladin d’Anglure, Marquis de Coublanc, of whom next.
2, Elisabeth Louise, who died in childhood, ca 1673.

The only son of Rene Saladin d’Anglure was:

ARNOULD SALADIN d’ANGLURE, Marquis de Coublanc, Baron de Saint-Loup, seigneur de Piepape (who died in 1705). He married his cousin, Christine de Chatelet (who died at Coublanc in 1727), daughter of Antoine de Chatelet, Marquis de Trichateau, Baron de Thons et de Bulgnéville. They were the parents of three daughters:

1, Charlotte Eradine (died April 1754), married (1) at Chateau de Malgrange on 17 August 1706 Georges de Lambortye, maréchal de Lorraine et de Bar (died ca 1709); and (2) on 16 May 1720, Louis, Marquis de Beauvau, who died at Nancy on 6 November 1732.
2, Francoise, who married in 1694 Francois de Poitiers de Rye, known as the Comte de Poitiers, and of whom next.
3, Anne-Florence, who married at Langres on 13 May 1727, Charles Henry de Cultz, Comte de Deuilly, Baron de Semboin.

The second daughter of Arnould Saladin d’Anglure, Marquis de Coubland, was:

FRANCOISE d’ANGLURE. In 1694, she married as his second wife the widowed Ferdinand Francois de Poitiers de Rye, who was known as Comte de Poitiers. They were the parents of two sons and a daughter:

1, Ferdinand Joseph de Poitiers, Marquis de Courland, who was born ca 1695/1696. In 1715, he married Genevieve de Bourbon-Malause (1691-1778), but died soon after in 1715 in Paris and is buried there. They had one daughter:
● 1a, Elizabeth Philippine de Poitiers, Countess de Neufchatel (1715-1773), who married in 1728 Guy de Durfort, Duc de Lorge (d. 1773).
2, Charles Frederic de Poitiers, who styled himself Marquis d’Anglure. He died ca 1727, without leaving any heirs.
3, Marie Charlotte de Poitiers, a nun at Remiremont, who died after 1727.

We now return to the second son of Simon ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure and his wife Isabelle, who was:

SALADIN d’ANGLURE, Seigneur d’Éstoges. He was Chamberlain to René d’Anjou, King of Sicily. He died in 1499. In payment for his services he received from King René in 1470-1473 the land of Chastel-sur-Moselle, the baronies of Boursault and de Givry and the ville, chateau and estate of Gondrecourt. Along with Éstoges, he inherited Nogent and Mouliherne.

20.5: Chateau d’Éstoges

Saladin d’Anglure married Jeanne de Neufchatel, Vicomtesse de Blaigny. They had a son and two daughters:

1, Isabelle, who married in 1478 Jean-Antoine de Lascaris, Comte de Tende et de Vintimille, who claimed descent from the Byzantine imperial family of Lascaris.
2, Jeanne, who married ca 1480 Jean III de Béthume, seigneur de Mareuil, &c.
3, René d’Anglure, Vicomte d’Éstoges et de Blaigny, of whom next.

Their only son:

RENÉ d’ANGLURE, Vicomte d’Éstoges et de Blaigny, and Seigneur de Pont-Sainte-Maxence, bore the first recorded version of the family arms with the gold shield, silver hawks’ bells and red crescents, when he became Seigneur d’Anglure in 1514. He served in the army of the King of Savoy from 1523-1525, commanding a troop of 100 men. He died on 6 October 1529.

In 1485, he married Catherine de Bouzey, Dame de Givry, daughter of Jean de Bouzey, Seigneur de Saint-Germain, and his wife Marguerite de Brion, Dame de Givry in Argonne. They were the parents of two sons and two daughters:

1, Francois d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Gilles d’Anglure (1510-ca 1553). In 1523 he married Marie de Brichanteau, daughter of Louis de Brichanteau and Marie de Véres; that year her widowed mother married the widowed Francois d’Anglure.
3, Francoise, who married in 1518 Gérard-Sicard d’Haraucourt, Seigneur de Dombasle, d’Orme et de Parroye, Senechal of Lorraine, Governor of Epinal, Grand Bailiff of Nancy. They died ca 1530 without children.
4, Margeurite d’Anglure, Dame de la Fere-Champenoise, who married in 1514 Antoine de Gerenne, or Gérésine, Seigneur de Pré au But.

The elder son:

FRANCOIS d’ANGLURE, Vicomte d’Éstoges, Baron de Boursault et de Givry, Seigneur de la Fere, Pont-Saint-Maxence, was a member of the Council of State, King’s Chamberlain, and Governor of Sainte-Menehould 1535-1539, Governor of Mouzon, Pierrefonds, Stenay and Luxembourg, 1539-1543, and colonel of the Regiment of Champagne in the army of Charles de Lorraine, Duc d’Aumale. He died on 21 September 1544.

He married firstly in 1518 Anne du Bec, daughter of Jean, Seigneur de Cany, and they had a daughter:

1, Isabeau (died 1573), Dame de Pavant, who married in 1539 Francois Baudoche, Seigneur de Moulins, and as a widow married secondly Charles de Poisieux alias de Couies, seigneur de Pavant.

Francois d’Anglure married secondly in 1523 Marie de Véres, widow of Louis de Brichanteau and daughter of Jean de Véres, Seigneur de Beauvais-Nangis. That year, his brother, Gilles d’Anglure (1510-ca 1553) married Marie’s daughter, Marie de Brichanteau. Francois and Marie had seven further children:

2, Jacques d’Anglure, who succeeded as Vicomte d’Éstoges, of whom next.
3, René d’Anglure, who became Seigneur de Givry en Artois and Seigneur de Boursault. He fought in Picardy and Tuscany. In 1560, he married Jeanne Chabot de Jarnac, daughter of Guy Chabot, Baron de Jarnac. He died in 1562; in 1564, his widow remarried Claude de la Chastre, Governor of Orléans and Maréchal of France. René and Jeanne d’Anglure were the parents of:
● 1a, Anne d’Anglure, Baron de Givry, de Boursault et de Beauvais-Nangis. In 1593 in Chartes he married Marguerite Hurault (who died in Paris in 1614), the widow of Guy de Laval, Marquis de Nesle and Comte de Joigny, and daughter of Philippe, Comte de Cheverny. They had one son, who was born in 1593 and died in 1595. After his death in 1594, Anne d’Anglure’s widow Marguerite married thirdly Arnaud le Dangereux, Seigneur de Beaupuy and Comte de Maillé. The title of Baron de Givry became extinct upon the death of Anne’s infant son in 1595.
4, Claude d’Anglure (1524-1544), Seigneur de la Mothe, de Nangis.
5, Jean Saladin d’Anglure (1530-1530).
6, Saladin d’Anglure, a minor in 1546.
7, Antoine d’Anglure, a minor in 1546.
8, Suzanne, a minor in 1546.

The eldest and only surviving son:

JACQUES d’ANGLURE, Vicomte d’Éstoges, who recovered the family chateau at Anglure. He was captain of the ville de Dunkerque in 1554, a gentleman in the court of the Duke of Anjou in 1572, and later on the staff of the Prince de Condé. He fought at the battles of Moncontour and Jarnac, was Govenor of Auxerre and a deputy of the Province of Champagne at Blois in 1576. He was married three times: firstly, in 1551, to Antoinette de Conflans, daughter of Jean de Conflans, Seigneur de Vielmaisons; secondly, to Vandeline de Nicey, who died ca 1580, widow of Edmée de Courtenay and daughter of Jean du Faget; and, thirdly, to Louise Piedefer, daughter of Pierre Piedefer, Seigneur du Bois de la Raie et de Bazoches. His widow Louise later remarried in 1614 Louis de Rochechouart.

Jacques d’Anglure and his second wife Vandeline de Nicey had an only daughter and heiress:

ANTOINETTE d’ANGLURE, who was married at Chalons-sur-Marne on 24 April 1572 to Chrétien de Savigny, Vicomte de Rosnes. Under a decree of 25 and 27 August 1574, Chrétien, Antoinette and their children were to revert to the name of Anglure, with one of the children to be known as Savigny d’Anglure, and the others to be known as d’Anglure Savigny.

Antoinette and Chrétien were the parents of:

CHARLES-SALADIN d’ANGLURE de SAVIGNY. He was Grand Senechal of Lorraine. He married Marie Babou de la Bourdaisiere and they were the parents of:

ANTOINE-SALADIN d’ANGLURE du BELLAY de SAVIGNY. He was a captain in a cavalry regiment that fought at Faubourg St-Antoine in 1652. He married Louise-Angélique de Braux, daughter of Pierre de Braux, the president of the Bureau of Finances of Champagne, who had acquired the Anglure estates and who had subsequently been ennobled and acquired the title Marquis d’Anglure. And so, the Anglure title and estate reverted to the heirs of the Anglure family.

Antoine-Saladin d’Anglure, who died in 1675, and his wife Louise-Angelique were the parents of:

1, Marc-Antoine-Saladin, Marquis d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Claude-Francois d’Anglure, who became a Knight of Malta, who died in 1662 at Cassel.
3, Nicholas d’Anglure, a captain in a regiment of guards and was said to be one of the bravest men of his time.

The eldest surviving son:

MARC-ANTOINE-SALADIN d’ANGLURE du BELLAY de SAVIGNY, Marquis d’Anglure and Comte d’Éstoges. He inherited the title of Marquis d’Anglure through his mother, and recovered the Éstoges title for his family in September 1682. He married Marie-Jeanne de Rouville on 2 June 1687. He died at Éstoges in September 1688. This family line became extinct in 1700.

We now return to the Bourlémont branch of the Anglure family:

NICOLAS ‘COLAR’ d’ANGLURE (ca 1440-1516), third son of Simon ‘Saladin’ d’Anglure, who died in 1485, and younger brother of Saladin d’Anglure, Seigneur d’Éstoges, who died in 1499. He was born ca 1440 and died on 26 July 1516 at Bourlémont. He became Seigneur de Bourlémont, having inherited the estate through his mother. He married on 26 June 1471 Marguerite de Montmorency (who died in 1498), dame de Conflans-Sainte-Honorine and daughter of Jean II de Montmorency, Grand Chamberlain of France, and of Marguerite d’Orgemont.

Their son:

SALADIN d’ANGLURE, Baron de Bourlémont and Baron de Conflans-Saint-Honorine (born ca 1472/1475, died on 4 July 1545 in Bourlémont), “capitaine de Montigny.” He married (1) in 1498, Hélene de Mailly, daughter of Adrien de Mailly, seigneur de Mailly et de Conty and of Jeanne de Glyme de Brabant; and (2) in Neufchateau in 1507 Marguerite de Lignéville (died on 4 May 1552), daughter of Henry de Lignéville and of Marguerite Wisse de Gerbéviller.

Saladin d’Anglure was the father of:

1, René d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Henri d’Anglure (died in 1574), seigneur de Lignéville, de Vittel et Mandres, seigneur de Melay, Minister of Finance in Lorraine. He married in 1540, Claude de Mailly (died ca 1582), daughter of Affricain de Mailly, seigneur d’Ecot, and of Anne de Méligny, and they were the parents of:
● 1a, Charles d’Anglure, seigneur de Melay.
● 2a, René d’Anglure, seigneur de Melay, Lignéville, Parey, Suriauville, Governor de la Mothe. He married in Vauvillier in 1573 Perette de Gérésine (died 1624), widow of Nicolas de Vienne and daughter of Jean de Gérésine, seigneur de le Fere-Champenoise and of Marie Raguier d’Esternay.
●3a, Jean d’Anglure (1554-1623), Grand Chancellor of Remiremont.
● 4a, Renée (died in 1610), chanoinesse de Pussay in 1576, she married ca 1597 Gaspard de Lignéville (died in 1645), Councillor of State in Lorraine, sénéschal de Bar and Govenor of Bitsch.
● 5a, Claudine, who married in 1582 Jean Damas, Baron de Chaeaunay, seigneur de Rirand.
● 6a, Beatrice (died in 1556 in Lignéville).
3, Jean d’Anglure, Knight of Malta, Bailiff and Governor of the Diocese of Metz, Chamberlain of Charles II of Lorraine, died on 9 May 1592.
4, Claude d’Anglure, Abbé de Mureau, killed at Bazoilles sur meuse on 4 April 1541.
5, Jeanne, dame de Roises (died in 1564), married in 1537 Jean d’Amoncourt, seigneur de Piépape et de Thenay.
6, (Abbess) Claude d’Anglure (died in 1586), chanoinesse and abbesse of Poussay.
7, Antoinette (died in 1565), chanoinesse of Poussay.
8, Francoise (died in 1573), chanoinesse of Poussay.

By a mistress, Saladin d’Anglure was also the father of:

9, Jeanne, who married Baudichon Taffin.

By another mistress, Aimee d’Abaleur, Saladin d’Anglure was the father of:

10, Jean II d’Anglure, seigneur de Chambray (born ca 1560, died before 20 August 1621), who married Marie de Saint-Lingier, and they had a son:
● 1a, Jean II d’Anglure, married Catherine de la Fosse, and they may have been the parents of:
●● 1b, Marie Anne d’Anglure, who married Samuel Dumont.
11, Diane (died in 1610), who married (1) Claude Lefevre and (2) Jean d’Esquieu, seigneur de la Serre.

The eldest son of Saladin d’Anglure:

RENÉ d’ANGLURE, Baron de Bourlémont et de Conflants-Sainte-Honorine in 1545, Governor of Montigny-le-Roi. Born ca 1510, he died at Bourlémont on 3 August 1596. He married on 9 November 1534 the heiress Antoinette d’Aspremont, Princess d’Amblise, Vicomtese de Forest de La Malmaison et d’Imécourt, and dame de Lumes, daughter of Jean d’Aspremont, Prince d’Amblise and seigneur de Buzancy, and Antoinette de Brandenbourg-Vianden. She died at Bourlémont on 29 July 1591.

René and Antoinette were the parents of:

1, Philippe d’Anglure, living ca. 1557/1558.
2, Africain d’Anglure, Baron de Bourlémont, Prince d’Amblise et Seigneur de Buzancy, of whom next.
3, Jacqueline (died 1621), married 1557 Francois de Mailly, Baron d’Ecot.
4, Jeanne (died ca 1600), married in Paris on 15 January 1558 (N.S.), Gabriel de Bonneval, seigneur de Beonneval et Blanchefort.
5, Francoise (died ca 1602), married (1) Simon de Saulx, Baron de Torpes, Governor of Auxonne, who died in 1570; (2), Pierre le Genevois, Baron de Blaigny, who died in 1602.

The second but eldest surviving child and only surviving son:

AFRICAIN d’ANGLURE, Baron de Bourlémont, Prince d’Amblise et Seigneur de Buzancy. He was Chamberlain to Charles II, Duke of Lorraine. He married Marguerite de la Baume (1559-1604), dame de Mont-St-Sorlin, widow of Aymée Poupet de la Baume and daughter of Francois VII, Comte de Montrevel.

They were the parents of:

1, Claude d’Anglure, Prince d’Amblise, Marquis de Sy, Comte de Bourlémont, et Baron de Buzancy, of whom next.
2, René d’Anglure, Seigneur de Busancy, living ca 1601/1606.
3, Gabriel Saladin d’Anglure, Knight of Malta. He was born at Bourlémont on 3 March 1587 and died on 27 June 1612.
4, Charlotte, married in Bourlémont on 8 May 1605 Balthazar de Ficquelemont, seigneur de Ficquelemont et de Mars-la-Tour.

The eldest son:

CLAUDE d’ANGLURE, Prince d’Amblise, Marquis de Sy, Comte de Bourlémont, et Baron de Buzancy, siegneur des Grandes-Armoises, Othe, Autruche, Harricourt (who died on 9 December 1653). He married on 23 October 1600 Angélique Diacette (or d’Adjacette), daughter of Louis d’Adjacette, Comte de Chateauvillain and of Anne d’Aquaviva d’Aragon, Duchese d’Astri or Atri et d’Amalfi, Princesse de Melfi (daughter of Jean-Francois Duc d’Astri and of Camille Caraccioli).

The Neapolitan title of Duke of Astri was authorised in France by an arret sur requete du Conseil d’Etat of 5 September 1646 for Angélique Djaceti d’Aquaviva d’Aragon, Duchesse d’Atri and Princesse de Melphe, for her husband, and for their children, male or female, with the eldest child, representing the house of Atri and Melphe, holding the rank and precedence of a duke. She died on 22 October 1635 at the Chateau de Congy.

Claude and Angélique had a large family, including:

1, Liesse, born at Chateauvillain on 26 December 1602; died at Bourlémont on 8 August 1603.
2, Francois d’Anglure, Comte de Bourlémont, Marquis de Sy (1604-1660), of whom next.
3, (Archbishop) Charles Francois d’Anglure de Bourlémont (1605-1669), Comte de Bourlémont in 1665. He was Abbé de St-Avold in 1625; Primat de Metz, 1630; Abbé de St-Pierremont (1634-1669); Abbé de La Crete (1652); Bishop of Aie (1649); Bishop of Castres (1657); and Archbishop of Toulouse (1664-1669). He died at Toulouse on 25 November 1669.
4, Ferdinand-Saladin d’Anglure, a Knight of Malta, he was killed in the Battle of Messine in 1624.
5, Scipion d’Anglure (born on 6 November 1607, killed in battle on 29 April 1663), Knight of Malta.
6, Henri d’Anglure, Knight of Malta, commander of Robécourt, died on 28 July 1673.
7, Genevieve, chanoinesse de Rieremont (born on 17 October 1610).
8, Chrétien Maphe d’Anglure (born on 20 November 1611, killed at Arras).
9, Sébastien d’Anglure, killed at Arras with his brother.
10, (Archbishop) Louis-Charles d’Anglure. He was born on. 30 August 1618, and died in Bordeaux on 9 November 1697. He was Abbé de la Crete, de Béchamp et de Saint-Pierremont, Bishop of Fréjus (1679), and Archbishop of Bordeaux.
11, Nicolas d’Anglure (1620-1706), was Comte de Bourlémont, Marquis de Busancy (1658), and Marquis d’Anglure de Bourlémont, Baron de Rimaucourt, des Grandes-Armoises, seigneur d’Humberville. Born on 25 February 1620, he died in Paris on 24 May 1706. He married on 3 March 1642 Anne de Thibaud, daughter of Francois de Thibaud, Baron de Saint-Hurgue. Nicolas and Anne had three sons and five daughters:
● 1a, Henry d’Anglure, Marquis d’Anglure de Bourlémont (born at Bourlémont on 5 June 1654).
● 2a, (Abbé) Francois d’Anglure (died on 29 July 1711), Abbé de la Crete (1673), Abbé de St-Florent-les-Saumur (1685).
● 3a, Louis d’Anglure (1653-1675), Knight of Malta, colonel of the Régiment de Bourlémont. He died at the Battle of Stenay or Consarbrick on 12 November 1675.
● 4a, Marie.
● 5a, ..., a daughter.
● 6a, Francoise-Scholastique-Genevieve d’Anglure, dame de marquisat de Buzancy (died on 13 May 1717). She married on 7 June 1681 Louis d’Ornaison, Comte de Chamarande, Governor of Pfalzbourg and Saarbourg.
● 7a, Gabrielle-Philiberte.
● 8a, Francoise-Eléonore (born in 1651).

By a mistress, Claude d’Anglure was also the father of:

12, Claude d’Anglure, born at Frébécourt on 22 July 1638.

The second son:

FRANCOIS d’ANGLURE, Comte de Bourlémont, Marquis de Sy, was born at Frébécourt in 1604, and died on 8 April 1660. He married on 26 March 1636 his first wife Antoinette des Marins (born on 12 December 1619, died on 18 December 1652 at Chateau Congy), only daughter of Louis des Marins, seigneur de Villeneuve-sur-Belot, in Brie Champenoise, and of Anne de Béthune.

Francois and Antoinette had one daughter:

1, Anne (1637-1708), married (1) in Troyes on 27 March 1648 Charles Larentier; (2) at Chalons-sur-Marne on 9 May 1656 Louis de Bellai, Baron de Chavigny.

Francois d’Anglure married secondly at Vandy on 16 May 1655, Angelique d’Aspremont (died in Paris on 26 December 1697), daughter of Jean d’Aspremont, seigneur de Vandy, and Louis de Marillac. They were the parents of:

2, Louis-Absalon-Saladin d’Anglure de Bourlémont Djaceti d’Aquaviva d’Arragon (1656-1725), Prince d’Amblise, Prince de Melfi, Duc d’Astri, Marquis de Sy, Comte de Bourlémont, and Baron des Armoises, the king’s lieutenant-general in Champagne. He married on 2 October 1682 Antoinette Colbert, widow of Pierre de la Cour and daughter of Michel-Edourd Colbert of Villacerf and Anne Sevin.
3, Charles-Henri d’Anglure, Comte de Bourlémont (1658-1684), Prince d’Amblise, born on 24 August 1658, died unmarried at the siege of Luxembourg on 28 May 1684.
4, (Abbé) Jean-Henri d’Anglure de Bourlémont (1660-1732). He was born in 1660. He was Abbé de St-Pierre-au-Mont and of Saint-Vincent de Metz (1687). He died at the Chateau de Bourlémont at the age of 69 in 1732. He was the last of his line, and with his death the Bourlémont branch of the family became extinct.

THE TITLE OF MARQUIS d’ANGLURE

The title of Marquis d’Anglure was created in 1657 not for a member of the Anglure family but for Pierre Braux, the senior representative of a noble family that had been seated at Chalons in Champagne since the mid-14th century. The family can be traced to:

JEAN BRAUX, “bourgeois” of Chalons in Marne. In recognition of his military services, he was ennobled by letters patent from King Charles V of France on 1 February 1366, along with his wife, Jeanne Leroy. Jean and Jeanne Braux had three sons:

1, Guillaume Braux, from whom the Braux d’Anglure family derived their descent.
2, Guillaume (sic) Braux, who was Abbé of Toussaint in Chalons, and died in 1418.
3, Person Braux, who was seigneur de Possesse.

The eldest of these three sons:

GUILLAUME BRAUX, lived at Chalons. He married Méline Lucquet of the ville de Saunt-Menehoud. He was the father of:

PIERRE BRAUX, seigneur of Bois de Florent. Pierre married Marie Dubry, and appears to have been living in 1437 and 1464. Their son:

PIERRE BRAUX, born in 1459, was a merchant of Chalons. He appears to have been living in 1495, 1534 and 1535. He married Poncette de Dommartin, heiress to her family name and estates. Among other children, Pierre and Poncette had two sons who were the ancestors of different branches of the Braux family:

1, Pierre Braux, of whom next.
2, Nicolas Braux, ancestor of Edouard-Antoine-Francois de Braux, who revived the d’Anglure title in 1863, becoming Edouard-Antoine-Francois de Braux d’Anglure.

The elder of these two sons:

PIERRE BRAUX, seigneur des Bois de Florent et du Boschet, also succeeded his mother as seigneur de Dommartin. He married Colettes de Forges, heiress to the seigneurie de Méry sur Seine. His noble status and his name were confirmed in 1527 and 1557. He was the father of:

PIERRE BRAUX, Treasurer of France in 1598, and First President of the Bureau of Finances of Chalons. He married Jacquette Cuissotte, and they were the parents of:

COSME de BRAUX, who also held the office of President of the Bureau of Finances of Chalon. He married Hélene de Cardonne, daughter of Hetitiere du Baron d’Anglure, and through this marriage he acquired the Anglure estates in Champagne. They were the parents of:

1, Pierre Braux, who became first Marquis d’Anglure in 1653.
2, Louise-Angélique, who eventually inherited the family estates and titles in 1667.

The only son:

PIERRE BRAUX, “maitre des requetes”, who obtained the letters patent in 1657 that erected his estate at Anglure into a marquisate, with the attached title of Marquis d’Anglure. He was the last male representative of this branch of the Braux family, and when he died eight years later in 1663 his estates and titles passed to his sister:

LOUISE-ANGÉLIQUE BRAUX d’ANGLURE, who married Antoine-Saladin d’Anglure du Bellay de Savigny, and so the Anglure title and estate reverted to the heirs of the Anglure family. Antoine Saladin d’Anglure, who died in 1675, and his wife Louise-Angelique were the parents of:

1, Marc-Antoine-Saladin, Marquis d’Anglure, of whom next.
2, Claude-Francois d’Anglure, who became a Knight of Malta in 1662 and died at Cassel.
3, Nicholas d’Anglure, a captain in a regiment of guards and was said to be one of the bravest men of his time.

The eldest surviving son:

MARC-ANTOINE-SALADIN, Marquis d’Anglure. He inherited the title of Marquis d’Anglure through his mother. He married Marie-Jeanne de Rouville and died at Estoges in 1688.

THE POITIERS d’ANGLURE FAMILY:

The title of Marquis d’Anglure passed by marriage to a junior branch of the Poitiers family in the early 18th century, when it passed by courtesy title to a younger son of the family; while his elder brother held the dignity of marquis.

Charles Frederic de Poitiers adopted the courtesy title of Marquis d’Anglure, his mother being a member of the Anglure family. He died ca 1727, without leaving any heirs to his estates and title, and the title does not appear to have been claimed later by any other members of the Poitiers family after its sale to Joseph Comerford.

The descent of this family was as follows:

CHARLES de POITIERS, Baron de Clerieu, died before 1402 and was buried in Romans. He married Simonne de Mery in 1361. They had at least six sons:

1, (Archdeacon) Guillaume de Poitiers, Archdeacon in Poitiers. He died ca 1396-1410.
2, Antoine de Poitiers, living in 1379.
3, (Bishop) Charles de Poitiers, Bishop of Langres and Chalons-sur-Marne, who died in 1433 and was buried in Dijon.
4, Louis de Poitiers, whose descendants included Diane de Poitiers (died in 1566), mistress of King Henry II of France.
5, (Archbishop) Jean de Poitiers, Archbishop of Vienne, who died in 1451 and is buried in Valence Cathedral.
6, Philippe de Poitiers, of whom next.

The youngest son:

PHILIPPE de POITIERS, Baron de Vadans, was killed at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. He married Catherine de Paillart, who died ca 1465, and they were the parents of:

JEAN de POITIERS, seigneur d’Arcis-sur-Aube. In 1431, he married Isabella de Sousa. He died in 1474. Their second son:

CHARLES de POITIERS, Baron de Vadans, who married Jeanne de Carondolet. She died in 1537, he died two years later, and they are both buried in Malines. They were the parents of:

CHARLES de POITIERS, Baron de Vadans, who was living in 1572, and married Dorothee de Hebert. Their eldest son, Charles de Poitiers, succeeded as Baron de Vadans; their youngest son was:

GUILLIAUME de POITIERS, Baron d’Outre. He was married twice, first to Suzanne d’Andelot, and secondly to Sabine Lamorale de Rye. His son and successor:

CLAUDE ANTOINE de POITIERS, Baron de Vadans, died in 1652. In 1614, he married Louise de Rye, and they were the parents of:

FERDINAND LEONOR de POITIERS, Baron de Vadans. In 1647, he married Jeanne Philippe de Rye de la Palud. They they were the parents of:

1, Ferdinand Francois de Poitiers de Rye, Comte de Poitiers, born ca 1652, who married into the Anglure family, and of whom next.
2, Frederic Leonor de Poitiers (1654-1713), who was known as Marquis de Poitiers. He married Catherine de Gramont.
3, Dorothee Ferdinande de Poitiers, a nun at Remiremont.
4, Margerite de Poitiers, a nun at Epinal.
5, Marie Albertine de Poitiers.
6, Diane Claude de Poitiers.
7, Dorothee de Poitiers, who married in 1672 Claude Jacques de Saint-Mauris, Comte de Bosjean (died in 1677).

FERDINAND FRANCOIS de POITIERS de RYE, who was known as Comte de Poitiers. Born ca 1652, he married firstly Francoise d’Achey, and they had three daughters. The Comte de Poitiers married secondly, in 1694, Francoise d’Anglure, second daughter and co-hereiss of Arnould Saladin d’Anglure, Marquis de Coublanc, Baron de Saint-Loup (who died in 1705) (see above). They were the parents of two sons and a daughter:

1, Ferdinand Joseph de Poitiers, Marquis de Courland, who was born ca 1695/1696. In 1715, he married Genevieve de Bourbon-Malause (1691-1778), but died soon after in 1715 in Paris and is buried there. They had one daughter:
● 1a, Elizabeth Philippine de Poitiers, Countess de Neufchatel (1715-1773), who married in 1728 Guy de Durfort, Duc de Lorge (died in 1773).
2, Charles Frederic de Poitiers, Marquis d’Anglure, who died ca 1727.
3, Marie Charlotte de Poitiers, a nun at Remiremont, who died after 1727.

While the main titles and estates of the Poitiers family passed to Ferdinand Joseph de Poitiers, the elder surviving son of Ferdinand Francois de Poitiers de Rye, the younger son, Charles Frederic de Poitiers, Marquis d’Anglure, styled himself Marquis d’Anglure by virtue of his descent from the Anglure family through his mother. However, this was merely a courtesy title, and by then time he died ca 1727, leaving no heirs to his name or estate, the principal title of Marquis d’Anglure had devolved on Joseph Comerford of Clonmel, through his purchase of the Anglure estate, including the chateau and its attendant title. Joseph Comerford died two years later.

THE END OF A FAMILY TITLE

When Joseph Comerford bought the Anglure estate, he also acquired the title of Marquis d’Anglure. On 28 November 1725, as Joseph de Comerford, he gave the Anglure estate, including “the grounds and seigniories of Mesnil and Granges,” 3 km west of Anglure, to his nephew, Louis Luc de Comerford. However, Louis Luc Comerford was soon financially ruined. He sold the Anglure estates, including Belle-Assise, and retired to Sézanne in extreme poverty.

20.6: Anglure was offered for sale in June 1752

By the time of the sale around June 1752, Anglure was still a marquisate, and it appears to have been auctioned in order to divide an inheritance. By then, the lordship was spread over nine parishes. Revenue was given as 8,000 to 9,000 Francs (about €450 at exchange rates in the early 21st century), which came not only from the lands comprising the domain, but also the fees and rents collected (cens et rentes), and a right to levy a toll on the nearby river. The initial bid being invited was 148,500 Francs.

Of course, the purchaser would have needed the king’s permission in order to bear the title of marquis. Whether or not he sought that permission, if noble he could have called himself Baron d’Anglure; otherwise, he would just be “seigneur d’Anglure”. No longer was the title of “Marquis d’Anglure” available to members of the Comerford family. By 1757, Jean de Cabanel was lord of part of the estate of Granges. In 1758, in his Histoire d’Irlande ancienne et moderne, Abbé James MacGeoghegan said the “Ikerrin Crown,” the gold crown Joseph Comerford had bought in Co Tipperary in 1692, was still preserved in the Castle of Anglure.

20.7: The village of Anglure

The famous 19th century French aeronauts, Albert Tissander (1839-1906) his brother Gaston Tissandier (1843-1899), were from Anglure. The brothers collected over 900 items relating to the early history of aeronautics from various sources. They observed and took part in many balloon flights between 1865 and 1885.

Albert trained as an architect, while Gaston trained as a chemist and meteorologist. Gaston wrote many books, and also established the scientific magazine La Nature in which Albert’s lithographic illustrations were published. Gaston flew over enemy lines during the Siege of Paris in 1870, and Albert made drawings of several balloons that were used to carry passengers and supplies over enemy lines.

While Gaston tested the limits of balloon ascension, Albert made drawings of natural phenomena in the upper atmosphere. Together in 1883 they rigged up a Siemens electric engine to an airship and Gaston became the first person to use electric-powered flight.

Their father sold the Chateau of Anglure to the Czernicki family in 1832. In 1910, the Abbé Jolivet, wrote a well-documented description of Anglure, and noted that vines were cultivated on the surrounding lands.

HERALDIC ARMS:

20.8: The heraldic bearings of the Anglure family

Anglure: D’or semé de grelots d’argent, soutenus de croissants de gueules (Or, semé of crescents gules, each ensigned by a hawk’s bell argent).

Motto: Saladin et Damas.

Another branch of the family, d’Anglure la Herce, bore a variant:

De gueules semé de croissants d’or supportant chacun un grelot de mesme (Gules, semé of crescents or, each supporting a hawk’s bell).

Braux d’Anglure: De gueules a un dragon d’or (Gules, a dragon or).

References and sources:

[1] The principal sources for this chapter are: Dictionaire de Bigraphie Francaise (eds J. Balteau et al) (Paris, 1935), vol 11, cols 1162-1178; Quarite-unieme Feuille Periodique, 12 June 1752; J.T. Rietstap, Armorial General, vol 1, p. 51; Tresor Heraldique (1864), p. 116; and the following web sources:
http://perso.club_internet.fr/driout/ANGLURE-1.htm
http://perso.club_internet.fr/driout/ANGLURE-2.htm
http://perso.club_internet.fr/driout/ANGLURE-3.htm
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/lencquesaing/index_fichiers/Page1278.htm
http://www.anglure.com/
http://www.cc-pays-anglure.com/
www.electroauthor.com/marcotte_genealogy/anglure.htm
www.heraldica.org/topics/france/noblesse.htm
“La légende des Saladins d’Anglure (Aube),” www.france-pitteresque.com/legends/4b.htm
“Granges Sur Aube,” http://www.quelquepartenfrance.com/goto.php?url=%2Fcommune13680.html (12.1.2007).
Histoire d’Angleuria, http://anglure.com/historique%20II.htm (18.8.2008).

(c) Patrick Comerford, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

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Last updated: 18 August 2008; 14 and 17 August 2009; 19 November 2010; 3 May 2011, 18 May 2012; 11 April 2013.

5 comments:

Ptitbubu said...

Bonjour

My name is Bruno GOGEL, I am french and one of my ancestors died on 29 November 1733 at Granges-sur-Aube as "fermier de la marquise d'Anglure".

Thanks a lot for the excellent research you made on the Anglure estate. However I am a little by confused. I've read in "Histoire des Séquanois et de la province séquanoise by François Ignace Dunod de Charnage" (http://books.google.com/books?id=izsDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA528&lpg=PA528&dq=%22Charles+Frederic+de+Poitiers%22&source=bl&ots=T1UwSsVA1W&sig=vD-Ei1JW6XyoTLtVgyhsmzk1Bhs&hl=fr&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPA528,M1) that Elisabeth Philippine de POITIERS bring the ANGLURE estate to his husband whn she married (in 1728).
A contrario, I understood (may be my english is too poor) that "On 28 November 1725, as Joseph de Comerford, he gave the Anglure estate, including “the grounds and seigniories of Mesnil and Granges,” 3 km west of Anglure, to his nephew, Louis Luc de Comerford". Is it Louis-Luc who sold in June 1752 the "terre , baronnie et marquisat d'Anglure" ?

Therefore who was the marquis and the marquise d'Anglure on 29 November 1733 ?

In addition, do you know from which farm he was farmer.

Thanks in advance for your help

Bruno GOGEL

Ptitbubu said...

Another source (Chesnaye Desbois) give another owner of Anglure around 1730/1750 with some differences :

http://books.google.com/books?id=LblYAAAAMAAJ&pg=RA1-PA191&lpg=RA1-PA191&dq=%22marquisat+d'anglure%22&source=bl&ots=jwgDiqfQLC&sig=cgCdF9H_cIXHvIXV6qV_82BXtcY&hl=fr&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=10&ct=result

Ptitbubu said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Canon Patrick Comerford said...

Thank you for those sources, Bruno. I'll check them out. Meanwhile, if you would like to contact me by email: theology_at_ireland.com I'll see how can work together on this. Best wishes for the new year, Patrick

Unknown said...

Thanks for this article It's really nice to find people who study and make research about our family. It's give me the will to learn more my ancestor the anglure.