Sunday, 9 August 2009

5: The Comerfords of Danganmore

The ruins of Danganmore Castle, once owned by the Comerford family, are incorporated into the Forristal family home (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2012)

Patrick Comerford

Danganmore, near Casle Morres,[1] is a townland of 376 acres in the parish of Dunnamaggin in the Barony of Kells, Co Kilkenny, and Danganmore Castle was 150 metres south of the churchyard.[2]

The old churchyard in Danganmore, north of the ruins of Danganmore Castle ... little is left of the church walls apart from small heaps of rubble, and most of the gravestones have fallen and are broken (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2012)

Joseph Comerford, in the pedigree registered at the Office of the Ulster King of Arms on 22 April 1724, claimed that Danganmore had been in the possession of the Comerford since the reign of King John, and that the Comerfords held the title of “Baron of Danganmore” until the death in 1504 of “Allen de Comerford, last Baron of Danganmore,” described by Joseph Comerford as younger brother of Bishop Edmund Comerford of Ferns.[3] Joseph Comerford later assumed the title of Baron of Danganmore, claiming it was a Palatinate title conferred by the Butlers of Ormond, and his claims were accepted by Edward McLysaght and other historians.[4] However, in a handwritten note on Joseph Comerford’s pedigree of the Comerfords of Danganmore in the late 19th century, Burtchaell wrote: “All this is pure and unadulterated Rubbish.”[5]

The Baron or FitzGerald family were among the original owners of Danganmore, where they were tenants there of the Butlers of Ormond, to whom the fee simple belonged.[6] Danganmore appears to have passed to the Ballybur branch of the Comerford family by the mid-16th century, perhaps through intermarriage with the FitzGerald or Barron family.

Richard ‘Roe’ Comerford of Ballybur [See Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City] was the elder brother of:

EDWARD COMERFORD of Ballybur, living in 1542.[7]

Edward was the father of:

EDMUND fitzEDWARD COMERFORD, of Danganmore, living on 20 April 1567, when he was pardoned with others, including his nephew, Richard ‘Oge’ Comerford, Richard Oge’s sons, Richard Boy Comerford and William Quemerford of Ballybur, and Henry Comerford of Ballmacka.[8] Edmund Comerford appears to have died without male heirs, as Danganmore had passed within five years to his great-nephew:

Richard Comerford’s altar tomb (1624) in the ruined church in Kilree, south of Kells, Co Kilkenny (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2011)

RICHARD ‘Boy’ COMERFORD ( -1622), younger son of Richard ‘Oge’ Comerford of Ballybur (died ca 1579/1580) [9] [See Ballybur, Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City], and younger brother of Thomas Comerford of Ballybur [see Chapter 4]. Richard was living at Ballybur when he was pardoned on 20 April 1567,[10] but by 2 January 1571/1572, when he was pardoned again, he was living at Danganmore.[11] He was a witness to numerous Ormond legal documents.[12]

The tomb of Richard Comerford of Danganmore in Kilree, Co Kilkenny. Richard died in 1624

Richard died at an advanced age on 5 October 1624, and was buried against the wall in the north-west chancel of Kilree Church, Co Kilkenny, with his wife Joanna St Leger, who had died on 4 October 1622. The Kilkenny historian Margaret Phelan believed their tombstone was carved by Walter Kerin or his son Patrick.[13] The south front of the tomb is carved with at least 20 emblems of the Passion, and has been illustrated by Mai McElroy and described by Phelan.[14] The inscription reads:

Hic jacet D[omi]n[u]s Richardus Comerford quondam de Danganmore qui obiit [... date uncut] Et D[omi]na Joanna St. Leger uxor eius Pia Hospitaus et admondum in Omnes miscericors matrona qua obit 4 Die Octob. A. 1622.[15]

This translates:

Here lie the lord Richard Comerford formerly of Danganmore ... and the lady Joanna St Leger his wife, a matron, pious, hospitable and charitable lady, who died 4 October 1622.”

The Danganmore wayside cross (Photograph: Liam O’Sullivan, 2015)

Joanna and Richard Comerford are also commemorated by a wayside cross at Balintee, on the road from Kilree leading to Danganmore. This monument, erected by their daughter-in-law, Catherine (Fennell) Comerford, on 29 April 1636, is recorded by C.P. Bolton, Carrigan, Prim, and others, with the inscriptions: “Orate p. aiabs. Dne. Rich. Comerford et Joannae. Rich. obiit 5 Octobs. 1624. Jo. obiit 3 Octobs. 1622. Rich. Comerf. junior [et] ...” (Pray for the souls of lord Richard Comerford and Joanna. Richard died 5 October 1624. Joanna died 3 October 1622. [Erected by] Richard Comerford junior and ... ), and “St Leger ... Catherina Fenell me fieri fecert 29 April Ano. dni 1626” (St Leger ... Catherine Fennell erected this monunment on 29 April 1626 [recte 1636]).[16]

Richard and Joanna had at least two sons and a daughter:

1, Edmund Comerford of Danganmore, died in January 1629/1630. He married Jane Langton, born on 14 November 1603, daughter of Nicholas Langton (1562-1632), MP for Kilkenny and Mayor of Kilkenny and great-great grandfather of Anne Langton who married James Comerford in 1754 (see below and Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City).[17] Edmund and Jane were the parents of:
● 1a, Edmund Comerford (? born ca 1628).
● 2a, Thomas Comerford (ca 1629-post 1654), of Derryleigh (now Castlemorris), Co Kilkenny.[18] He forfeited over 481 acres in Dirleigh (sic), Aghaviller Parish, in 1653, and was ordered transplanted to Connacht. The new proprietors of his lands were Mathias Westmoreland and Harvey Morres.[19] Other lands at Maylerstown in the parish of Whitechurch, Kells Barony, held with Sir Robert Roth, Pierce Butler and David Tobin, went to Lord Ranelagh, Colonel Francis Willoughby and Pierce Butler.[20] Carrigan says there is no mention of him after the Cromwellian confiscations, but he may be the Thomas Comerford living at Whiteswall in the parish of Eyrk in 1664.[21] As Danganmore later passed to his uncle, Richard Comerford ‘junior,’ he may have died unmarried. Harvey Morres erected Derryleigh into the Manor of Castle Morres.[22] However, in the next generation we find:
●● 1b, Piers Comerford of “Dirrileagh” or “Castlemorris” who was taxed for one hearth in the hearth money rolls.[23]
2, Richard ‘Junior’ Comerford, of whom next.
3, ..., a daughter who married John FitzThomas FitzGerald, known as the 16th Earl of Desmond, brother of James FitzThomas FitzGerald, the 15th or ‘Sugan’ Earl of Desmond, who died in the Tower of London in 1608. The 16th Earl or Count of Desmond was living in Spain in 1615 and died in Barcelona.[24] John and his Comerford countess had an only son:
● 1a, Gerald FitzGerald, ‘Count of Desmond’, died unmarried in Germany in 1632.

RICHARD ‘Junior’ COMERFORD, second son of Richard ‘Boy’ Comerford above. Richard eventually inherited Danganmore, which may indicate that his nephew Thomas died unmarried. With the Cromwellian defeat of the royalist cause in Ireland, Richard Comerford of Danganmore assisted the escape of the Duchess of Ormond from Kilkenny to Carrick-on-Suir, and then to Clonmel in 1652, and took her to Passage where she left for England. His correspondence with her continued until at least 1658.[25] He was living at Danganmore in 1658 and 1659, but appears to have been dead by 1663, when his wife is described as a widow, although his name appears in hearth money rolls a year later.[26] He left his family in strained circumstances with debts on his lands of £300.[27]

He married Catherine Fennell (‘Cathaleen Comerthoon’ or ‘Katty Comerford’), a “tremendous warrior” said to “have ruled her husband and his house with a rod of iron.” She erected the wayside cross to her husband’s parents on 29 April 1636.[28] She petitioned the Duke of Ormond for a discharge of the debts, and on 25 March 1671 she obtained a lease for three lives on her late husband’s former farm at Danganmore.[29]

The last remaining ruins of Danganmore Castle, once owned by the Comerford family (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2012)

Richard and Catherine Comerford had an only daughter who inherited the Comerford lands at Danganmore:

1, Catherine Comerford, of whom now.

CATHERINE COMERFORD, only daughter and heiress of Richard ‘Junior’ Comerford, inherited the Comerford lands at Danganmore which had been recovered by her mother, Catherine (Fennell). Catherine was married twice: firstly, in 1680, to Charles FitzGerald, who had no children, and secondly, after 1691 and before 1700, to [? Jeremiah] Ryan of Silvermines, Co Tipperary. Her will is dated February 1738; in it she asks to be buried at Kilree, and states: “I leave and bequest to my grandson John Ryan one suit of vestments with altar linen, missal, and large gilt Chalice and to remain for ever in the family and that I may be prayed for yearly.” [30] The Ryans had two sons and a daughter:

1, (General) James Ryan, also joined the Irish Brigade in France and rose to the rank of General. Hewho appears to have died unmarried.[31]
2, Jeremiah Ryan, of whom next.[32]

The younger son:

JEREMIAH RYAN (ca 1692-1758), of Danganmore, Co Kilkenny, and High Street, Kilkenny. By his first marriage he was the father of:

1, Bridget Ryan, who married on 28 January 1751, William Smyth of Rathduff, Co Kilkenny.[33]

In 1721, Jeremiah Ryan married as his second wife, ... Peppard. He died in April 1758, while she died in High Street, Kilkenny, in 1794, reputedly aged 104.[34] This couple had two sons and a daughter:[35]

2, John Ryan, of Danganmore and Kilkenny, born ca 1722/1723, of whom next.[36]
3, (General) James Ryan, who joined the Irish Brigade in France and frose to the rank of gnereal.[37]
4, Barbara, who was living in France in 1793.[38]

The elder son was:

JOHN RYAN (ca 1722/1723-1806), of Danganmore, Co Kilkenny, and King Street, Kilkenny. He was born ca 1722/1723. He fought with the French army at Dettingen and Fontenoy, and when he returned to Ireland, his commission passed to his younger brother, who subsequently became a general. John Ryan settled in King Street, Kilkenny, and married Anne Ryan, of Kilkenny City, daughter of Timothy Ryan and Mary (Knaresborough), and a sister of Dr Edmund Ryan MD, of Kilkenny, and of William Ryan, father of the Very Revd Timothy Ryan (born 1761, also known as Abbé Ryan), Roman Catholic Dean of Ossory. John Ryan died in May 1806 in Irishtown, Kilkenny, aged 83, and was buried in Danganmore Churchyard. His widow died at The Parade, Kilkenny, in January 1812.[39] They had at seven sons and two daughters:[40]

1, Peter Ryan, of Danganmore (ca 1747/1748-1828).He was born ca 1747/1749, he married a Miss Wall.[41] On 31 August 1811, the Leinster Journal notes that Peter Ryan of Danganmore, Co Kilkenny, is a member of the Catholic Committee. He died on 31 August 1828, aged 79, and was buried in Danganmore Churchyard, beside Dandanmore Castle. [42] Peter had an only daughter:
● 1a, Anne, who died died at the age of 17 and is buried with her father in Danganmore Churchyard.[43]
2, John Peter (‘Johnny’) Ryan, of Back Lane, Kilkenny. He was living at Danganmore on 10 March 1841.[44] An eccentric who never married, he died a very old man in 1845 and is buried in Danganmore Churchyard.[45]
3, Jeremiah Ryan,[46] of whom next.
4, Margaret, who died without having children.[47]
5, Elizabeth, baptised on 6 November 1754, who died without having children.[48]
6, Henry Ryan, a twin, baptised with his brother Joseph in Saint Mary’s Parish, Kilkenny, on 7 April 1756. He died without children.[49]
7, Joseph Ryan, a twin, baptised with his brother Henry in Saint Mary’s Parish, Kilkenny, on 7 April 1756. He died without children.[50]
8, Edward Ryan, who died at the age of 44 without having children and is buried in Danganmore Churchyard.[51]
9, James Ryan, who died aged 30 without having children and is buried in Danganmore Churchyard.[52]

The only one of these nine children of John and Anne Ryan to marry and to have children who survived was their third son:

JEREMIAH RYAN, of Danganmore, Co Kilkenny, and Newtown, Waterford City. He probably died in 1794, for Finn’s Leinster Journal on 26 February 1794 refers to the late Jeremiah Ryan Esq., of Danganmore.[53] Only a fragment of Danganmore Castle remained in Carrigan’s time, and in the 19th century the Ryan family lived not in the castle but in an old slated house beside it.[54] Jeremiah Ryan later moved to Newtown, Waterford, and subsequently died in London.[55]

He married Margaret, daughter of Joseph Burke of Queen’s County, grandson of Peter Burke of Birr, who married Elizabeth Comerford of Faddenbeg, Co Tipperary [See Chapter 6].[56]

Their eldest daughter and co-heiress:

MARY RYAN (ca 1794/1795-1864) of Waterford. She brought Danganmore into the Langton family through her marriage in 1820 to Michael Theobald Langton (1782-1844) of Paris and Bath, landlord of the Comerford house in the Butterslip, Kilkenny [See Ballybur, Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City].[57]

Michael Langton was born in Paris in 1782, the son of Michael Laurence Joseph Langton (1737-1810) of Cadiz (a first cousin of Ann Langton who married James Comerford of the Butterslip, Kilkenny, see Ballybur, Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City). He lived at No 7, South Parade, Bath, and died in Dublin on 7 February 1844.[58] Mary Langton later lived at 14 South Parade, Bath. She was aged 65 at the time of the 1861 census and was living with her eldest son, Henry, youngest son Francis and daughter Eliza in 6 Southwick Place, Paddington, London. She died in London on 22 January 1864.

Mary and Michael Langton were the parents of three sons and five daughters:[59]

1, Mary Frances Christina (‘ Maraquita’) (ca 1825-1899). She was born ca 1825 in Cadiz, Spain. She married in August 1845, Peter Grehan (1812-1877) of Gresham Terrace, Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire), Co Dublin, 19 Rutland Square (now Parnell Square), Dublin, Kilbarrack Lodge, Baldoyle, Co Dublin, and Gortkelly Castle and Glencree, Co Tipperary, where he had an estate of 1,875 acres. In 1846, she visited her cousin, Sidmie d’Aconza, in Paris. In 1874, he erected a memorial to his father, Stephen Grehan, in the Pro-Cathedral, Dublin. He died on 28 August 1877, and she died in 1899.[60]
2, (Sister) Margaret Caroline Felicia (1828-1856). A Sister of Charity, she was born in Cadiz in 1828, and died on 11 October 1856 at Saint Vincent’s Hospital, Saint Stephen’s Green, Dublin.[61]
3, (Captain) Henry Michael Fustinus Langton, (1829-1872 ), of whom next.
4, (The Revd) Theobald Arthur Lambert Langton, SJ (1830-1866). He was born in 1830 in Cadiz, Spain. He was in charge of the Roman Catholic Grammar School for boys in Brickdam, New Amsterdam, British Guiana, but after three months died of yellow fever on 8 August 1866, aged 35.[65]
5, (Sister) Josephine Jane Simeona (1832- ). She was born in Cadiz ca 1832, and was a nun in the Ursuline Convent, Blackrock, Cork.[62]
6, Eleanora Mary Susanna (1833-1847). She was born in Cadiz ca 1833, and died in Versailles, France, on 8 September 1847.[63]
7, Eliza Mary Frances, born in Cadiz ca 1834.[64]
8, Francis Albert Romauld Langton ( 1840-1917), [66] of whom after his eldest brother, Henry.

The eldest son and heir of Mary and Michael Langton was:

Captain Henry Langton of Danganmore ... he sold his interest in the Butterslip to the Revd Edmund Madden

(Captain) HENRY MICHAEL FUSTINUS LANGTON (1829-1872), of 6 Southwick Place, Hyde Park, London, and Danganmore, Co Kilkenny. He was born on 15 February 1829, perhaps in Cadiz, although he gives his place of birth in the 1861 census as Bath, Somerset. He was living at 6 Southwick Place, Paddington (1861). At the time of the 1861 census, he was unmarried, and gave ‘South Militia Rifles’ as his profession. He was a captain in the Louth Rifles in 1864. He was High Sheriff of Co Kilkenny when he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Society of Ireland in April 1870. As the owner of Danganmore, he paid a small chiefry to the Marquess of Ormonde as lord of the soil. He gave his address as Danganmore In 1871, when he was confirmed with a coat of arms for himself and the descendants of his parents, quartering: 1 and 4, Langton; 2, Quartered arms for Ryan; 3, Comerford. He sold his interest in the Butterslip to the Revd Edmund Madden [See Ballybur, Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City].

He died in 1872, and by 1876 his representatives were administrating Danganmore and an estate in Co Kilkenny that totalled 940 acres.[67]

Captain Henry Langton's youngest and only surviving brother was:

Francis AR Langton (1840-1917) ... private secretary to successive Postmasters-General

FRANCIS (‘Frank’) ALBERT ROMUALD LANGTON (1840-1917), civil servant, of Danganmore, Co Kilkenny, West Tytherton, near Chippenham, Wiltshire, Steyning, Suffolk,and 5 Ovington Square, Kensington, London. He was born on 7 February 1840 in Bath, and went to school in Downside. He was living with his mother at 6 Southwick Place, Paddington (1861). He married in Kensington in 1869 Margaret Cecilia, daughter of John Tobin, shipowner, of Montreal. They lived at 5 Ovington Square, Kensington (1871).

In 1871, he became Private Secretary to the Postmaster-General, William Monsell (later Lord Emly), a post he continued to hold under Lyon Playfair (later Lord Playfair), Lord John Manners, Sir Henry Fawcett, GJ Shaw-Lefevre, Lord Wolverton, HC Raikes, Sir James Fergusson, the Duke of Norfolk, and the Marquis of Londonderry, successive Postmasters General. He retired in 1903. He was a member of the councils of the Association for the Propagation of the Faith, Catholic Relief Services, the Catholic Union, and the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. He died in 1917, aged 77, in Steyning in Sussex.[68]

John and Margaret Langton were the parents of:

1, Henry Francis Langton (1870-post 1900). He was born on 12 February 1870, and married on 24 October 1900, Mary Phyllis, daughter of P. Patton of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
2, (Major)Theobald Michael Langton (1871-post 1938). He was born on 31 May 1871, was educated at Saint Gregory’s College, Midsomer Norton, Somerset, and the RMA Sandhurst, and was an officer in the 21st Lancers. He was with the Uganda Protectorate, attached to the Uganda Rifles (1898-1904). He received the East and Central Africa Medal and the Africa General Service Medal (1900). He returned to the army in 1914 as a temporary major, involved in recruiting, and was Inspector of Administration Services, Irish command, at headquarters, Parkgate, Dublin, until the end of World War I. His later financial ventures ended in court in Paris in 1934, when was fined 3 million Francs (then £16,000) for exporting capital. An appeal reduced his fine to 15,000 francs in 1938.
3, Francis John Langton, born 15 January 1873, died young.
4, Charles Joseph Langton, born 19 April 1874.
5, (Major) Arthur Victor Langton (1880-1961). He was born on 26 February 1880, and was a major, Royal Artillery. He married Jessie-Anne McWilliams daughter of Ormiston Galloway Reid McWilliam and Jessie Elizabeth McMahon in Johannesburg in 1920. He was Assistant Trade Commissioner in Johannesburg (1920-1928), and was with the British Civil Service in Trinidad (1928). He lived in Kensington, London, and died in 1961 in Steyning, Sussex. Arthur and Jessie Langton had one daughter:
1a, Frances (1920-2003). She was born in Johannesburg in 1920. She married Patrick Terence Keyes and they had two sons and two daughters.
6, Sir George Philip Langton, OBE, KC (1881-1942), High Court judge. He was born in London on 22 April 1881. He was educated at Beaumont College, Old Windsor, Berkshire, where his contemporaries included the architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott; New College, Oxford (commoner, 1899; BA, 1902), president, Oxford University Dramatic Society;and the Inner Temple (1905). In World War I, he was a captain in the Royal Garrison Artillery, garrison adjutant Queenstown (Cobh), Cork (1914); intelligence branch, War Office (1915), Ministry of Munitions, Director of Labour Department and Commissioner, Labour Disputes (1918); OBE (1917). He was a Barrister-at-Law, Inner Temple, and a High Court Judge in the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division. In 1919, he married Alice Mary Katherine, daughter of Daniel Francis Arthur Leahy, JP, DL, a papal knight, of Shanakiel, Co Cork. They lived at 51 Draycott Place, London SW. Ater demobilisation in 1919, he returned to the Bar, and was Secretary, British Maritime Law Committee and joint general secretary, Comité Maritime International (1922-1930). He was knighted in 1930 on becoming a High Court udge in the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division. He was also chair, the All-England Lawn Tennis Club (1939). He was last seen alive on 9 August 1942 in Burnham, Somerset, and his body was found in the River Parrett in Dunball, near Bridgwater, Somerset, on 14 August 1942. Sir George Langton and Katherine Lady Langton had a daughter:[69]
1a, Moira

This branch of the Langton family are the last immediate direct descendants of the Comerfords of Danganmore. Despite Joseph Comerford’s fanciful claims, the Comerfords were never Palatinate Barons of Danganmore. Despite other claims, the descendants of this branch of the family managed to hold on to a considerable portion of their lands until the end of the 18th century. Henry Langton’s sale of his interest in the Langton House in the Butterslip in Kilkenny to the Revd Edmund Madden marks an interesting convergence of the interests of the descendants of the Ballybur and Danganmore branches of the family.

The houses in Danganmore, Co Kilkenny, in 2012 (Photograph: Patrick Comerford, 2012)

Frank Langton was the last member of the family to describe himself as “of Danganmore Castle.” The castle was leased or sold to Edward Power, who died in 1883. By 1969, Danganmore Castle was in ruins.[70] When I visited Danganmore on 12 April 2012, the ruins of the castle were still visible, having been incorprated into the home of the Forristal family over previous generations. In Apeil 2012, when I visited Danganmore Castle, it was the home of Mr Dick Forristal; his brother, the Revd James Forristal, died on 3 October 2010; they are cousins of Bishop Laurence Forristal, former Bishop of Ossory.

Nearby, the ruins of Danganmore Church are barely visible, and most of the gravestones are shattered and in disarray.

Footnotes and references:

[1] Healy 1, p. 61.
[2] Owen O’Kelly, The Place Names of County Kilkenny (Kilkenny: Kilkenny Archaeological Society, 1985; reprint of 1969 edition), p. 145; Carrigan 4, p. 39.
[3] Joseph Comerford pedigree, Genealogical Office Dublin, Ms 160 (ff 102-14), 1724, f 102.
[4] See Edward McLysaght, More Irish Families (Dublin, 1960), p. 63.
[5] Genealogical Office Dublin Ms 160, f 102.
[6] Carrigan 4, p. 39.
[7] Fiants Eliz 1008, DKPRI-11, p. 151.
[8] Fiants Eliz 1008, DKPRI-11, p. 151.
[9] Fiants El 1949, DKPRI 12, p. 59; Carrigan 3, pp 393-394.
[10] Carrigan 3, p. 393.
[11] ibid, p. 394; Carrigan 4, p. 40.
[12] Ormond 6, pp 164-165, 167, 172, 183-188, 195.
[13] Margaret M. Phelan, “Kilree”, Old Kilkenny Review 25 (1973), p. 21.
[14] Phelan, pp 21-22.
[15] Phelan, pp 21-22; Clark, “Kilree Church ...,” RSAIJn, 33 (1903), p. 214; Journal of the Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead 4, 1898-1900 (Dublin, 1900), pp 425-426.
[16] CP Bolton in JAPMD v, p. 225; Carrigan 4, p. 40; Prim, (1850), p. 172; Clark, pp 214-215; JAPMD 4 (1898-1900), pp 425-426.
[17] Burtchaell, Kilkenny MPs, p. 24; Prim (1864), p. 88.
[18] Carrigan 4, p. 41.
[19] Carrigan 4, p. 41; Carrigan Mss, NLI Pos 207, no folio no; Healy 1, pp A12-A13, A30-A31.
[20] Healy i, pp A50-A51.
[21] Julian Walton, “The Hearth Money Rolls of County Kilkenny: Extracted from the Carrigan Mss,” The Irish Genealogist, 5 (1) and 5 (2), p. 174.
[22] Prim (1864), p. 81, n. 1.
[23] Walton, “Hearth Money Rolls”, p. 42 and p. 41 n.2.
[24] Prim (1850), p. 174; The Complete Peerage, 4, pp 256-258; Burke’s Extinct Peerages, pp 205-206; (5.7.2007).
[25] Ormond Mss, NS vol i (1902), pp 368-369; HMC iv, 1874, p. 550.
[26] HMC iv, 1874, p. 564; Walton, pp 44-45.
[27] Carrigan 4, p. 41.
[28] Bolton, JAPMD v, p. 225; Carrigan 4, p. 40; Prim (1850), pp 172-173.
[29] Carrigan 4, pp 41-42; Prim (1850), pp 173-174; Clark, “Kilree Church ...,” p. 216; HMC vi (1877), p. 751.
[30] Carrigan 4, p. 42; Prim (1864), pp 81-82.
[31] Carrigan 4, pp 41-42.
[32] Carrigan 4, pp 41-42.
[33] Hilary Walsh, “Ossory Marriage Licences,” Irish Genealogist (1971), p. 334.
[34] Carrigan 4, p. 42.
[35] Carrigan 4, p. 42.
[36] Carrigan 4, p. 42; Prim (1864), p. 82.
[37] Prim (1864), p. 82.
[38] Carrigan 4, p. 42; Prim (1864), p. 82.
[39] Carrigan 1, p. 240; 4, pp 39-43.
[40] Carrigan 4, p. 43; see Prim (1864), p. 82.
[41] Carrigan 4, p. 43; see Prim (1864), p. 82.
[42] ‘Edward Law, Kilkenny history, miscellaneous houses, D,’ (5.7.2007); gravestone in Danganmore Churchyard.
[43] See her father’s gravestone in Danganmore Churchyard; although Prim (1864), p. 82, says Peter Ryan had no children, Carrigan (4, p. 43) confirms he was the father of this daughter.
[44] ‘Edward Law, Kilkenny history, miscellaneous houses, D,’ (5.7.2007).
[45] Prim (1864), p. 82.
[46] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[47] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[48] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[49] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[50] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[51] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[52] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[53] ‘Edward Law, Kilkenny history, miscellaneous houses, D,’ (5.7.2007).
[54] Carrigan 4, p. 39.
[55] Sir Bernard Burke, The General Armory (London, 1884), p. 584, s.v. Langton of Danganmore.
[56] Burke’s Irish Family Records, p. 173.
[57] Burke’s Irish Family Records, p. 173. See also Comerford of Ballybur, Chapter 4: Comerford of Ballybur Castle and Kilkenny City].
[58] Prim (1864), pp 81-82.
[59] Carrigan 4, p. 43; Carrigan 3, p. 84. Carrigan made some corrections and additions to these names in vol 4.
[60] Carrigan 4, p. 43; Grehan family papers, Boole Library, University College, Cork.
[61] Carrigan 4, p. 43; Carrigan 3, p. 84.
[62] Carrigan 4, p. 43; Carrigan 3, p. 84.
[63] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[64] Carrigan 4, p. 43.
[65] Carrigan 4, p. 43; Carrigan 3, p. 84; The Times (London), 17 September 1866; ‘Early Church History in Guiana,, accessed 3.1.2012; British Guiana Colonists Index,, accessed 3.1.2012.
[66] Carrigan 4, p. 43; Carrigan 3, p 84.
[67] Shelley (1874), cited in Kennedy (2007), pp 462-473; Carrigan 3, pp 81-82, p. 84; Burke, The General Armory, loc cit; ‘Landowners in 1876, County Kilkenny, Ireland, Posted to the Co. Kilkenny Query Board,’ (5.7.2007); ‘Edward Law, Kilkenny history, miscellaneous houses, D,’ (5.7.2007); Illustrated London News, 1872.
[68] The Catholic Who’s Who Yearbook, 1910; Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, Armorial families: a directory of gentlemen of coat armour, p. 190.
[69] ONDB, 32, p. 511.
[70] Owen O’Kelly The Place-Names of County Kilkenny, p. 145.

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